Are the two main groups in the exercises are classified according to their type and require different efforts and produce different effects on the body.
The universe of physical activity is divided into two main groups: aerobic exercise and anaerobic. They require different efforts and, in turn, produce different results in the body. The ideal is to achieve a combination of both.
When physical activity accelerates metabolism by increasing the energy requirements of the body. Cells have to work harder and for that require ATP (adenosine triphosphate, the fuel for cellular functions). ATPs can be obtained in two ways: one by using oxygen and other oxygen. Hence aerobic or anaerobic exercise is called.
On the other hand, the muscles are composed of two types of fibers, quick and slow. Each agency has its own share of both and that is because people have more easily to one or other type of exercise. Although always involved the two, there will be a predominance of one over the other.
The fast fibers have low aerobic capacity, and work best anaerobically, also have a high capacity to generate lactic acid, which is responsible for muscle pain after exercise them, as well as cramps.
Slow fibers however, need a lot of oxygen, use glucose during the first minutes as a source of energy, but then used the fat. You can say that about half of the calories consumed by muscles after 20 minutes of vigorous aerobic exercise comes from fat.
But intense little more cash!
It was recently discovered that a fat faster repetitions of exercises sandwiching high density but short (no more than two minutes) with slower and longer sessions removed. This is because both types of exercises, aerobic and anaerobic combined.
Doctors and health advocates recommend that any activity or sport in their routines combine both types of exercises to not force the body and get the best results. The practice of aerobic exercise is especially beneficial for the heart, a muscle that only uses aerobic metabolism.
Experts also advise a general check to verify that a person can do the type of exercise you want without health risks. They also suggest a full examination of the food, as it is always advisable to consult with a nutritionist to provide a diet with nutrients, vitamins, carbohydrates and minerals that each body needs.
Benefits of aerobic exercise
Entails a moderate pace (jogging, brisk walking, running, swimming, cycling, skiing, etc.):
- It tones the muscles.
- Improves circulation.
- Reduces blood pressure.
- Improves lung capacity.
- Strengthens the heart.
- Increases the number of red blood cells (which are those that carry oxygen).
- Reduce body fat content.
Benefits of anaerobic exercise
It involves a rapid and more intense (tennis, weightlifting, sprinting, jumping, etc.) rate:
- Increases performance.
- Strengthens bones.
- Improved speed.
- Improves strength.
- Reduces the risk of muscle atrophy.