What you need to know about sun exposure

The sun is a source of life for everyone, but in particular its radiation can be very harmful to your skin. I discovered its benefits and everything you need to know to avoid its harmful effects. Enjoy with health!

Exposure to the sun is always healthy than the sea. Among its benefits is the pleasurable energy it provides, relaxation and energy and antidepressant action. This can be explained by the release of certain substances, such as endorphins and melanocortins, capable of influencing the bioenergetic rhythm of the organism.

In addition, it is essential for the health of the bones. The cause of the deficiency of this vitamin is inadequate exposure to sunlight, because there is a strong association between UVB rays and its metabolism.

But also exposure to the sun is the main cause of various skin diseases. The research on solar skin on the skin that, in turn, favors premature aging.

Ultraviolet radiation is formed by invisible rays that penetrate the skin and can cause sunburn and damage to the eyes, even skin cancer.

There are three types of UV rays

  1. UVA: penetrate the epidermis and generate direct damage to the dermis, which induces photo premature aging and can cause skin cancer.
  2. UVB: cause redness, sunburn, and predisposition to skin cancer.
  3. UVC: are filtered by the ozone layer of the atmosphere.

Overexposure causes harmful effects on the skin

Tanning, which is a protective response of the organism against solar radiation, appears 48 hours after exposure. The ability to tan is determined genetically and the excess sun induces irregular pigmentation and the appearance of freckles.

Over time, solar radiation contributes to aging. At the dermal level, it produces a thinning of the skin, rupture of the elastic fibers, and decrease of the collagen. There is an increase in proteolytic activation and an abnormal change of the extracellular matrix, leading to increased degeneration of collagen and elastic fibers of the dermis, resulting in the loss of skin elasticity, the formation of wrinkles, thickening of the dermis and epidermis, in addition to depigmentation.

Precautions and habits to adopt for proper care of your skin

- Do not expose yourself to the sun between 10 and 16 o'clock. As a practical measure, it is safe when the projected shadow is greater than the height of the body.

- In the snow, water and in the sand, the sun's rays are reflected so it is essential to have adequate protection.

- Use sunscreen, remember that the clearer the skin and eyes, the higher the protection factor must be. Choose factor 30 for brown skin and over 30 for skin and light eyes.

- Apply to the skin 30 minutes before exposing yourself to the sun and renew it every two hours or after a bath.

- Do not forget to place a protector on sensitive parts such as: bald parts of the head, ears, neck, nose, insteps and hands.

- Use lip balm

- Before or after the summer it is advisable to consult a dermatologist for spots and moles.

The sun is beneficial for health, but it is necessary to take extreme care to avoid health problems and achieve a healthy tan.

Sources: anmat.gov.ar, rad-online.org.ar, lanacion.com.ar